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Are essential oils safe to use during pregnancy?

Dr Christine Catling

Dr Christine Catling

Dr Christine Catling, a midwife for over 25 years, is the Director of Midwifery Studies at UTS. She believes research, innovation and good quality midwifery are pivotal to the well-being of mothers and young families. Christine has extensive experience in antenatal education, policy development and research, and has published on workforce issues, homebirth, vaginal birth...
Created on Oct 10, 2023 · 3 mins read

Essential oils are great for relaxation, sleep, skin problems, detoxification and generally smelling delicious – and while you may have used them extensively in life, pre-pregnancy (or are thinking about trying them now that you are), you might be wondering if they are safe to use? Well, it’s not a black and white answer on that one, some are safe, some a safe only at certain points and some are best avoided altogether.

What are essential oils?


Essential oils are highly concentrated substances sourced from seeds, plants, nuts and flowers and are often used in aromatherapy. They also contain chemicals that can be absorbed into the body, usually through inhaling them by breathing them in or absorption through application to the skin.

There is still a lack of research into how exactly they affect the body during pregnancy and their ability to cross the placenta, which is why they should be used with caution while you are expecting.

When should I avoid essential oils?


Some experts recommend pregnant women avoid essential oils in the first trimester and depending on your individual circumstances, medical history and how your pregnancy is progressing, there may be some deciding factors, such as if you:

Have suffered from a miscarriage previously
Have suffered from vaginal bleeding during this pregnancy
Suffer from epilepsy or heart problems such as high blood pressure

Essential oils can also interact with other medications and so it is always advisable to speak with your doctor before trying anything new. Just because something is deemed “natural” doesn’t make it necessarily safe.


Which essential oils should I avoid?


There are a number of essential oils that should be avoided during your pregnancy for fear of complications, stimulating contractions or effects on the developing foetus, they include (but are not limited to):

Nutmeg
Rosemary
Fennel
Tarragon
Basil
Jasmine
Clary sage
Sage
Juniper berry
Laurel
Angelica
Thyme
Cumin
Aniseed
Citronella
Cinnamon leaf
Marjoram
Thuja
Mugwort
Birch
Wintergreen
Camphor
Hyssop
Tansy
Wormwood
Parsley seed or leaf
Pennyroyal


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Which essential oils are safe for use during pregnancy?


There are some that are generally considered safe to use if you have a healthy, uncomplicated pregnancy, you can contact the Mothersafe people if you are unsure on 9382 6539 or 1800 647848. 

Lavender* – can help with sleep and relaxation, nausea, soothing muscle aches and treating haemorrhoids
Chamomile – can help with nausea and soothing muscle aches
Peppermint – can help with nausea
Ginger – can help with nausea and soothing muscle aches
Ylang-ylang – can help with soothing muscle aches and sleep
Frankincense – can help with soothing muscle aches and sleep
Tea tree – can help to treat haemorrhoids
Cypress – can help to treat haemorrhoids
Geranium – can help to treat haemorrhoids
Mandarin – can help with sleep
Sweet orange – can help with swelling
Grapefruit – can help with swelling

*some experts suggest holding off using lavender until you are in the second trimester

Things to remember when using essential oils:


Only buy from a reputable source that uses pure oil
Never swallow essential oils
Dilute essential oils before applying directly to the skin
Do not use during the first trimester
Try to give your body breaks by not using the same oil every day

Always check with your doctor or midwife, or consult a qualified aromatherapist trained in pregnancy


Related articles
Beauty and skincare ingredients to avoid during your pregnancy
Can I have a hot bath when I’m pregnant?
Is it safe to get a massage when you’re pregnant?

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