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Origin: Cyprus
Region Origin: Western Asia

The name Paris originates from its early inhabitants, the Parisii, a Gallic tribe from the Iron Age and the Roman period. The ancient oppidum that corresponds to the modern city of Paris was first mentioned in the mid-1st century and is later attested as Parision in the 5th century AD, then as Paris in 1265. The city is also known as "La Ville Lumière," meaning "the City of Light," because it was the first major city in Europe to have gas street lighting and played a significant role in the era of Enlightenment. The meaning of the Gaulish ethnonym Parisii is uncertain, but it is not related to the Paris of Greek mythology. The town was referred to as Parisius by the time the Roman Empire was ending, and Parisius is a Latin term that became Paris later. Inhabitants of Paris are known in English as "Parisians" and in French as Parisiens. Today, Paris is the most highly populated and capital city of France, occupying an area of about 41 square kilometers. It has been one of the leading centers for arts, science, commerce, fashion, diplomacy, and finance in Europe since the seventeenth century.

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